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Garden guide

by La Boite à Grains 05 Jun 2024 0 comments
Guide jardin - La Boite à Grains

Even the smallest vegetable garden can produce a fine harvest if you plan it right. In addition to the pleasure of daily gardening, you'll enjoy the satisfaction of tasting fresh vegetables that you've watched grow and mature. Here are a few tips for setting up a successful vegetable garden.

The size of your vegetable garden generally depends on the amount of land available, the time you devote to maintenance, your budget and the number of people you have to feed. A vegetable garden of about 8 m2 may be sufficient for a family of four

Planning

It's a good idea to start by drawing up a plan of the vegetable garden on paper, to mark out the spaces required for the different vegetables. It's also necessary to plan crops so that the garden will produce throughout the summer. Fast-growing vegetables, such as radishes, are grown in succession to ensure continuous yields. Vegetables with different ripening periods, such as radishes and tomatoes, are also combined to save space and labor. Vegetables are planted in slightly raised rows running widthwise. Aisles wide enough for easy movement are provided. To ensure maximum sunlight, plant large vegetables in the northern and eastern parts of the garden.

Sowing and planting

Some vegetables, such as carrots, beans and radishes, can be sown directly in the ground; others, like peppers and tomatoes, need to be started in pots indoors.

Containerized vegetables are also available, ready for transplanting outdoors. Always choose plants with short, thick stems and green, healthy-looking foliage.

Planting in the vegetable garden is best done on cloudy days and when all danger of frost has passed. Create a small depression around each transplanted vegetable to collect water for watering.

Water the plants before and after planting in the garden.

Seed

We call organic seeds or organic seeds quality seeds produced using organic farming methods and guaranteed untreated after harvest.

The production and marketing of organic seeds and seedlings must comply with both organic production rules and rules specific to seed production.

We recommend seeds from Jardin de l'Écoumène, which specializes in the production of organic seeds or rare seeds

Maintenance

Pull weeds as soon as they appear, hoe and weed regularly to allow water to soak in, and water preferably in the morning, or abundantly and thoroughly in hot, dry spells. Installing mulch (plastic, straw, geotextile, etc.) between rows and around plants reduces weeding work and helps conserve soil moisture.

For better yields, to avoid deficiencies and to prevent disease, it's important to practice crop rotation. This means not growing the same vegetables in the same place for more than two consecutive years.

Some plants grow better when they are in close proximity to others. Companion planting is an increasingly popular practice in vegetable gardening.

Vegetables Indoor sowing Sowing outdoors Outdoor planting Seeds per gram
Garlic     Oct. or early May -
Eggplant Late March   Early June 150
Swiss chard Mid-April Mid-May Mid-May 50
Beet   Mid-May   50
Broccoli Mid-April   May 300
Carrot   Mid-May   700
Celery Mid-March   Mid to late May 2500
Celeriac Mid-March   Mid to late May 2500
Ground cherry Late March   Early June 300
Chicory   Early July   600
Chinese cabbage   Early July   300
Brussels sprouts Mid-April   Mid to late May 300
Siam cabbage   Mid-May   300
Cauliflower Mid-April   Late May 300
Head cabbage Mid-April   May 300 à 500
Kohlrabi Mid-May     500
Chives March Mid-May Early June 300 à 500
Pumpkin Early May Mid-May Early June 4
Cucumber Early May Late May Early June 35
Autumn shallot     Late August -
Spring shallot     Early May -
Spinach   Mid-May   90
Beans
(yellow or green)
  Late May to late June   90 à 500
Leaf lettuce Mid-April Early May Late May 800
Head lettuce Mid-April   Late May 800
Corn   Mid-May   variable
Embroidered melon Mid to late April   Early June 35
Watermelon Mid to late April   Early June 20
Turnip   Mid-May   400 à 750
Onion Early March Early May
(to be bundled)
Early May 250
Parsnips   Mid-May   220
Parsley Early March Early May Early May 250
Peppers Late March   Early June 150
Leek Early March   Early May 400
Peas   Mid-May   2 à 6
Potatoes Mid-May     -
Radish   May-June   120
Salsify   Mid-May   100
Tomato Late March to mid-April   Early June 300 à 400
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